Thanjavur derives its name from the demon Tanjan, who while breathing his last, expressed this as his last wish. Also called Tanjore (a rather anglician version of Thanjavur). It is also known as the rice bowl of Tamil Nadu.
saraswathiMahal Library which is situated in the palace. An art gallery, a church built during the period of Serfoji II.
The Brihadeeshwara Temple was built around 11th century by the Chola King Raja RajaChola. Temple walls are painted in the Tanjore style of painting.
There is a palace built during the Nayak period which is called the Thanjavur Maratha Palace.